Enhanced Content Control Utility API v1

Purge cached content from edge servers using flexible directory or file extension criteria.

Learn more:


Overview

The Enhanced Content Control Utility (ECCU) is one of several supported Akamai purge interfaces. Use ECCU to specify the set of files to refresh on the edge network. Specify directories, file extensions, certain types of HTTP request, or response properties to refine the set of content to refresh. For example, you can refresh specific parts of a library or the complete cache repository for many domains. The ECCU only invalidates content. It does not remove content from cache.

If you have changes to content and would like to refresh or delete it from the cache, such as system updates, inventory items, or dynamic offers, use Fast Purge. Fast Purge lets you purge individual URLs, grouped content by content provider code, or cache tag within seconds. Use the ECCU if you need any additional flexibility that Fast Purge does not offer.

The Akamai Control Center provides a graphical interface to the ECCU for content administrators. For more information on the ECCU and other Akamai purge interfaces, see Using the Enhanced Content Control Utility.

For more information on why and how to purge cached content, see Akamai 101: The Basics of Purging.

Getting started

To configure this API for the first time:

  • Review Get Started with APIs for details on how to set up client tokens to access any Akamai API. These tokens appear as custom hostnames that look like this: https://akzz-XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX-XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX.luna.akamaiapis.net.

  • To enable this API, select the API service named Enhanced Content Control Utility (ECCU), and set the access level to READ-WRITE.

  • After provisioning the token, run the List permissions operation one time within the API to confirm access to all the functionality.

For more information on the format of an ECCU request file and metadata tag usage, see Enhanced CCU Request Format.

API workflow

In this API framework, you use the same basic workflow for the POST and the GET operations to create and retrieve submitted ECCU refresh request. After you create a refresh request and confirm its status, the remaining steps are optional.

  1. To create a refresh request, List properties and select the appropriate objects from its properties array, then build a new EccuRequest object for your request. Add metadata to identify the files that you want to refresh and POST the object to Create an ECCU request.

  2. After you POST the request, wait 30 minutes, then occasionally run GET to poll its progress. Once the status indicates SUCCEEDED, the content has refreshed.

  3. To see a status summary of submitted refresh requests, run List ECCU requests.

  4. To remove a request from the list of submitted refresh requests, Delete an ECCU request.

Resources

This section provides details on the API’s various operations.

This list summarizes the API’s main set of conceptual objects.

  • ECCU Request: A set of instructions that marks the cache instance as invalid. The edge server that receives a client request for objects matching the particular path sends an If-Modified-Since header to the origin. If a newer version is found at the origin, that version replaces the existing cached instance.

  • Property: A Property Manager configuration file that identifies the host that you are working with, its name and type. The Property Manager API (PAPI) allows you to create edge hostnames and apply each property configuration to a set of hostnames.

  • Permissions: Confirms your access to the API’s functionality.

API summary

Download the RAML descriptors for this API.

Operation Method Endpoint
List ECCU requests GET /eccu-api/v1/requests
Create an ECCU request POST /eccu-api/v1/requests
Get an ECCU request GET /eccu-api/v1/requests/{requestId}
Remove an ECCU request DELETE /eccu-api/v1/requests/{requestId}
List properties GET /eccu-api/v1/properties
List permissions GET /eccu-api/v1/permissions

List ECCU requests

Returns a summary of submitted ECCU refresh requests under your account. Use this to view the status of all refresh requests.

GET /eccu-api/v1/requests

Status 200 application/json

Object type: EccuRequest

Download schema: request-list.json

Response Body:

{
    "requests": [
        {
            "metadata": "<?xml version=\"1.0\"?>\n <eccu>\n  <match:recursive-dirs value=\"store\">\n    <match:recursive-dirs value=\"images\">\n      <revalidate>now</revalidate>\n    </match:recursive-dirs>\n  </match:recursive-dirs>\n</eccu>",
            "notes": "Invalidate images in store",
            "propertyName": "www.example.com",
            "propertyNameExactMatch": true,
            "propertyType": "HOST_HEADER",
            "requestDate": "2018-11-30T16:25:15.000+0000",
            "requestId": 263529762,
            "requestName": "Invalidate Images",
            "requestor": "john.doe@example.com",
            "status": "PENDING",
            "statusMessage": "File uploaded and awaiting validation",
            "statusUpdateDate": "2018-11-30T16:25:15.000+0000",
            "statusUpdateEmails": [
                "john.doe@example.com"
            ]
        },
        {
            "metadata": "<?xml version=\"1.0\"?>\n <eccu>\n  <match:recursive-dirs value=\"store2\">\n    <match:recursive-dirs value=\"images\">\n      <revalidate>now</revalidate>\n    </match:recursive-dirs>\n  </match:recursive-dirs>\n</eccu>",
            "notes": "Invalidate more images",
            "propertyName": "www.another-example.com",
            "propertyNameExactMatch": true,
            "propertyType": "HOST_HEADER",
            "requestDate": "2018-12-11T16:25:15.000+0000",
            "requestId": 263529762,
            "requestName": "Invalidate Images",
            "requestor": "john.doe@example.com",
            "status": "PENDING",
            "statusMessage": "File uploaded and awaiting validation",
            "statusUpdateDate": "2018-12-11T16:25:15.000+0000",
            "statusUpdateEmails": [
                "john.doe@example.com"
            ]
        }
    ]
}

Create an ECCU request

Creates a new ECCU refresh request.

POST /eccu-api/v1/requests

Content-Type: application/json

Object type: EccuRequest

Download schema: request-post.json

Request Body:

{
    "propertyName": "www.example.com",
    "propertyNameExactMatch": true,
    "propertyType": "HOST_HEADER",
    "metadata": "<?xml version=\"1.0\"?>\n <eccu>\n  <match:recursive-dirs value=\"store\">\n    <match:recursive-dirs value=\"images\">\n      <revalidate>now</revalidate>\n    </match:recursive-dirs>\n  </match:recursive-dirs>\n</eccu>",
    "notes": "Invalidate images in store ahead of holiday",
    "requestName": "Invalidate Images",
    "statusUpdateEmails": [
        "john.doe@example.com"
    ]
}

Status 201 application/json

Headers:

Location: /eccu-api/v1/requests/12345

Object type: EccuRequest

Download schema: request.json

Response Body:

{
    "metadata": "<?xml version=\"1.0\"?>\n <eccu>\n  <match:recursive-dirs value=\"store\">\n    <match:recursive-dirs value=\"images\">\n      <revalidate>now</revalidate>\n    </match:recursive-dirs>\n  </match:recursive-dirs>\n</eccu>",
    "notes": "Invalidate images in store",
    "propertyName": "www.example.com",
    "propertyNameExactMatch": true,
    "propertyType": "HOST_HEADER",
    "requestDate": "2018-11-30T16:25:15.000+0000",
    "requestId": 263529762,
    "requestName": "Invalidate Images",
    "requestor": "john.doe@example.com",
    "status": "PENDING",
    "statusMessage": "File uploaded and awaiting validation",
    "statusUpdateDate": "2018-11-30T16:25:15.000+0000",
    "statusUpdateEmails": [
        "john.doe@example.com"
    ]
}
  1. List properties from /eccu-api/v1/properties to view a summary of the digital properties under your account. For details see Property members.

  2. From the properties array, choose the appropriate object, then store its propertyName, propertyNameExactMatch, and propertyType.

  3. Build a new EccuRequest object for your request. Use metadata to specify the files that you want to refresh, usually a directory path and file extension. Use file extensions without the preceding dot, for example, gif, html, and jpg. Avoid using wildcards and other special characters. For details on the available metadata tags, see Enhanced CCU Request Format.

  4. POST the object to /eccu-api/v1/requests. If you refresh large numbers of files at the same time, the origin may experience an increase in load as edge servers retrieve new files. If there is malformed data, the operation responds with a 400 HTTP status code. Make sure that propertyName, propertyType, and propertyNameExactMatch correspond to the digital properties returned by List properties.

  5. To verify the pending request, you can use the URL in the Location response header to run the Get an ECCU request operation.

  6. After you POST the request, wait 30 minutes, then occasionally run GET to poll its progress. Once the status indicates SUCCEEDED, the content has refreshed.

Get an ECCU request

Returns a submitted refresh request. Run this operation if you want details on the request’s metadata. Otherwise, you can run List ECCU requests to check the status of all refresh requests.

GET /eccu-api/v1/requests/{requestId}

Sample: /eccu-api/v1/requests/263529539

Parameter Type Sample Description
URL parameters
requestId Integer 263529539 Unique identifier for an ECCU Request.

Status 200 application/json

Object type: EccuRequest

Download schema: request.json

Response Body:

{
    "metadata": "<?xml version=\"1.0\"?>\n <eccu>\n  <match:recursive-dirs value=\"store\">\n    <match:recursive-dirs value=\"images\">\n      <revalidate>now</revalidate>\n    </match:recursive-dirs>\n  </match:recursive-dirs>\n</eccu>",
    "notes": "Invalidate images in store",
    "propertyName": "www.example.com",
    "propertyNameExactMatch": true,
    "propertyType": "HOST_HEADER",
    "requestDate": "2018-11-30T16:25:15.000+0000",
    "requestId": 263529762,
    "requestName": "Invalidate Images",
    "requestor": "john.doe@example.com",
    "status": "PENDING",
    "statusMessage": "File uploaded and awaiting validation",
    "statusUpdateDate": "2018-11-30T16:25:15.000+0000",
    "statusUpdateEmails": [
        "john.doe@example.com"
    ]
}
  1. If you do not know the requestId, run List ECCU requests and choose one from among the objects from the requests array.

  2. If you want to see the metadata, make a GET request to /eccu-api/v1/requests/{requestId}.

This operation responds with an EccuRequest response object.

Remove an ECCU request

Removes the refresh request from the list of submitted requests only. This operation does not stop the refresh request from being processed.

DELETE /eccu-api/v1/requests/{requestId}

Sample: /eccu-api/v1/requests/263529539

Parameter Type Sample Description
URL parameters
requestId Integer 263529539 Unique identifier for an ECCU Request.

Status 204

  1. If you do not know the requestId, run List ECCU requests and choose one from among the objects from the requests array.

  2. Make a DELETE request to /eccu-api/v1/requests/{requestId}.

    This operation responds with a 204 HTTP status code.

List properties

Returns the digital properties that you can apply ECCU refresh requests to.

GET /eccu-api/v1/properties

Status 200 application/json

Object type: Property

Download schema: properties.json

Response Body:

{
    "properties": [
        {
            "propertyName": "www.example.com",
            "propertyType": "HOST_HEADER",
            "propertyNameExactMatch": true
        },
        {
            "propertyName": "www.another-example.com",
            "propertyType": "ARL_TOKEN",
            "propertyNameExactMatch": false
        },
        {
            "propertyName": "example2.com",
            "propertyType": "ARL_TOKEN",
            "propertyNameExactMatch": true
        }
    ]
}

List permissions

Returns the ECCU permissions. If the response’s submitEccuRequest member is enabled, you can run the Create an ECCU request operation to invalidate content.

GET /eccu-api/v1/permissions

Status 200 application/json

Download schema: ui-permissions.json

Response Body:

{
    "submitEccuRequest": true,
    "viewEccuRequest": true
}

Data

This section provides details for each type of data object the API exchanges.

Download the JSON schemas for this API.

The data schema tables below list membership requirements as follows:

Member is required in requests, or always present in responses, even if its value is empty or null.
Member is optional, and may be omitted in some cases.
Member is out of scope, and irrelevant to the specified interaction context. If you include the member in that context, it either triggers an error, or is ignored.

EccuRequest

Collects all of the data that you need to make an ECCU request.

Download schema: request-post.json, request.json

Sample GET response:

{
    "metadata": "<?xml version=\"1.0\"?>\n <eccu>\n  <match:recursive-dirs value=\"store\">\n    <match:recursive-dirs value=\"images\">\n      <revalidate>now</revalidate>\n    </match:recursive-dirs>\n  </match:recursive-dirs>\n</eccu>",
    "notes": "Invalidate images in store",
    "propertyName": "www.example.com",
    "propertyNameExactMatch": true,
    "propertyType": "HOST_HEADER",
    "requestDate": "2018-11-30T16:25:15.000+0000",
    "requestId": 263529762,
    "requestName": "Invalidate Images",
    "requestor": "john.doe@example.com",
    "status": "PENDING",
    "statusMessage": "File uploaded and awaiting validation",
    "statusUpdateDate": "2018-11-30T16:25:15.000+0000",
    "statusUpdateEmails": [
        "john.doe@example.com"
    ]
}

EccuRequest members

Member Type POST GET Description
EccuRequest: Collects all of the data that you need to make an ECCU request.
extendedStatusMessage String Further detail about the status of a request. Typically there is more information provided for a failed refresh request.
metadata String Contains tags that define a refresh request based on the request parameters such as directory path and file extensions. Use only ASCII characters. For more information on the format of an ECCU request file and metadata tag usage, see Enhanced CCU Request Format.
notes String In addition to the requestName, this provides information to help you track the refresh request.
propertyName String Identifies the digital property whose content you want to refresh.
propertyNameExactMatch Boolean Specifies whether to exactly match the full string of the propertyName, or whether to perform an inexact RHS (Right Hand Side) substring match. For example, with propertyNameExactMatch enabled, example.com does not match www.example.com.
propertyType Enumeration Specifies the type of digital property. Either ARL_TOKEN or HOST_HEADER. This tells the edge network whether the purge information is contained in the ARL or whether all such information is contained in a configuration file. The ARL is similar to the URL, the difference being that the ARL is specifically defined for objects to be served by the edge network. There are two types of ARLs, v1 and v2. For details, see The Digital Property and the ARL.
requestDate String Read-only. The time the refresh request was submitted, in ISO 8601 format.
requestId Integer Read-only. A unique identifier for the refresh request. Use this to track issues with the request.
requestName String The name that you give to the refresh request.
requestor String Read-only. The username of the person who submitted the request. For example, john.doe@example.com.
status Enumeration Read-only. Specifies the condition of the refresh request. Possible values are PENDING, SUCCEEDED, FAILED, or IGNORED. If you form the metadata incorrectly, the refresh request will fail.
statusMessage String Read-only. Details about the status of the refresh request.
statusUpdateDate String Read-only. The time the refresh request’s status last changed, in ISO 8601 format.
statusUpdateEmails Array A list of email addresses to notify when the status of the refresh request changes.
version String Use this to mark differences in your refresh requests.

Property

Collects data about each digital property under your account that you need to make an ECCU request.

Download schema: property.json

Sample GET response:

{
    "properties": [
        {
            "propertyName": "www.example.com",
            "propertyType": "HOST_HEADER",
            "propertyNameExactMatch": true
        },
        {
            "propertyName": "www.another-example.com",
            "propertyType": "ARL_TOKEN",
            "propertyNameExactMatch": false
        },
        {
            "propertyName": "example2.com",
            "propertyType": "ARL_TOKEN",
            "propertyNameExactMatch": true
        }
    ]
}

Property members

Member Type Required Description
Property: Collects data about each digital property under your account that you need to make an ECCU request.
propertyName String Identifies the digital property whose content you want to refresh.
propertyNameExactMatch Boolean Specifies whether to exactly match the full string of the propertyName, or whether to perform an inexact RHS (Right Hand Side) substring match. For example, with propertyNameExactMatch enabled, example.com does not match www.example.com.
propertyType Enumeration Specifies the type of digital property. Either ARL_TOKEN or HOST_HEADER. This tells the edge network whether the purge information is contained in the ARL or whether all such information is contained in a configuration file. The ARL is similar to the URL, the difference being that the ARL is specifically defined for objects to be served by the edge network. There are two types of ARLs, v1 and v2. For details, see The Digital Property and the ARL.

Permissions

Verifies your ECCU permissions. If you have viewEccuFile and submitEccuFile permissions, all API functionality is available to you.

Download schema: permissions.json

Sample GET response:

{
    "submitEccuRequest": true,
    "viewEccuRequest": true
}

Permissions members

Member Type Required Description
Permissions: Verifies your ECCU permissions. If you have viewEccuFile and submitEccuFile permissions, all API functionality is available to you.
submitEccuRequest Boolean Verifies your permission to submit a refresh request.
viewEccuRequest Boolean Verifies your permission to view a refresh request.

Errors

This section provides details on the data object that reflects the API’s common response to error cases, and lists the API’s range of response status codes for both error and success cases.

Error responses

This API responds with JSON objects that adhere to the HTTP Problem Details standard.

{
  "type": "https://problems.luna.akamaiapis.net/eccu-api/invalid-property-type",
  "title": "Invalid propertyType",
  "detail": "propertyType must be HOST_HEADER or ARL_TOKEN",
  "instance": "/eccu-api/error-instances/b39849c6-02ac-4084-9627-174e91a8fecd",
  "status": 400,
  "errors": []
}

HTTP status codes

This section lists the full range of response codes the API may generate.

Code Description
200 The operation was successful.
201 Resource successfully created.
204 Successfully processed request.
400 Bad request. This will most likely occur when an invalid refresh request is submitted. For example, if you specify an invalid propertyType.
401 The operation requires authentication.
403 Access is forbidden. For example, this error occurs when you do not have access to one or more resources. If needed, talk to your local administrator to adjust access. For more information, see Get Started with APIs.
404 Resource not found.
405 The method is not supported.
408 The request has timed out.
415 Unsupported media type.
500 Internal server error.
503 Service is temporarily unavailable.

Last modified: 1/2/2019